This article provides a list and discusses sleeping pills in Nigeria. Also, it explains what sleeping pills are as well as their types.
People with insomnia also referred to as sleeplessness, have trouble falling asleep. They might have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep for the desired amount of time. Daytime sleepiness, low energy, irritability, and a depressed mood are frequently experienced after insomnia.
It could lead to difficulties concentrating and learning, as well as a higher risk of car accidents. There are two types of insomnia: short-term, lasting a few days or weeks, and long-term, lasting longer than a month.
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What are Sleeping Pills?
Sleeping pills, as their name implies, aid in sleep. These drugs may be used by people with sleep disorders like insomnia to aid in sleep. Taking sleeping pills can also help you stay asleep if you frequently wake up during the night.
By lulling you to sleep and relaxing you, sleeping pills treat insomnia. Even natural sleep aids like melatonin can have negative effects. Throughout the day, you might feel disoriented or drowsy.
Some people even eat or move while they sleep (parasomnia). Other drug-free treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), are more effective at enhancing sleep.
The names of several different sleeping pills are listed below. The most popular brand names, half-lives (the amount of time it takes your body to eliminate half of the medication), and dosages are listed for each sleeping aid.
Types of Prescription Sleeping Pills
Sleeping pills come in a variety of forms. Every one of them functions differently. Some sleep medications make you drowsy, while others block the part of your brain that makes you alert. some of these include
Early in the 1970s, benzodiazepines were first made accessible as a sleeping aid. Over the subsequent ten years, they gradually improved and have been in use ever since.
They were created as an alternative to barbiturates. These drugs had a variety of unpleasant side effects and were dangerously addictive. When combined with alcohol, they could easily result in death.
All benzodiazepines are about as effective as each other. How long they stay in your body after taking them is the main distinction.
Z drugs, marketed as the next generation of sleeping pills, were created in the 1990s. In order to reduce the hangover effect, Z drugs were created to leave the body more quickly.
They were said to have fewer negative side effects while still being just as effective at lulling you to sleep.
However, recent studies have revealed that many of the long-term health issues with z drugs are similar to those with the benzodiazepines they were designed to replace. They were never the wonder drug that their creators had in mind.
Sometimes doctors will prescribe antidepressants to be taken before bed. Some antidepressants, but not all, have a sedative effect that makes people sleepy.
The benefit of using antidepressants over conventional sleeping pills is that they don’t impair the quality of sleep.
There is no physical dependence on it and no rebound insomnia after stopping use. Even at low doses, the drawback is that daytime sleepiness is more likely to occur.
Sleeping Pills in Nigeria
We must embrace sleep and see it as an important component of focusing on our overall well-being.
By paying closer attention to our sleep patterns, we can lower the 40% of Nigerians who report having a sleeping disorder that was discovered in 2016, according to the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria.
Listed below are some of the sleeping pills in Nigeria
- Antihistamines – Diphenhydramine, Promethazine
- Doxepin (Silenor)
- Suvorexant (Belsmora)
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The active component, bromazepam, is known by its scientific name. Lexotan is a member of the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which are thought to function by affecting certain chemicals in the brain.
Lexotan is used to treat anxiety, tension, or agitation, just like diazepam. However, your doctor might have recommended Lexotan for another reason, like insomnia.
The pharmacology and effects of zolpidem (brand names Stilnox) and zopiclone (brand names Imovane and Imrest) are comparable to those of benzodiazepines. These prescription-only drugs also strengthen GABA’s (an amino acid), sleep-inducing effects by reducing brain activity.
It is an addictive drug, similar to benzodiazepines. More bizarre behaviors and symptoms, such as potentially dangerous hallucinations and sleepwalking, are more highly probable than with benzodiazepines.
Antihistamines – Diphenhydramine, Promethazine
Through their effects on the central nervous system, sedating antihistamines causes drowsiness. These are sold by pharmacies over the counter.
Common examples include promethazine, doxylamine, and diphenhydramine (all sold under the brand names Unisom Sleep Gels and Restavit) (branded Phenergan).
For men with prostate issues, these medications can cause urinary retention, dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, confusion, and dizziness.
The severity of all side effects increases with age.
Opioids like tramadol, morphine, pentazocine, and codeine were once only available by prescription, but because they are also sedatives, people abuse them as sleeping aids. They are also highly addictive and, if stopped, can result in uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Don’t Take Opioids to sleep!
The use of this sleep aid is authorized for those who have trouble falling asleep. By blocking histamine receptors, silenor may aid in the maintenance of sleep. Do not use this medication unless you can get a full 7 or 8 hours of sleep each night.
It functions by inhibiting a hormone that encourages vigilance and contributes to insomnia.
The FDA has approved it for the treatment of insomnia, which is the inability to get to sleep or stay asleep. The next day, you might feel sleepy as a result of the medication.
Valium is the brand name. The class of drugs known as benzodiazepines includes diazepam. It is used to treat insomnia, fits (seizures), muscle spasms, and anxiety.
Additionally, it is utilized in hospitals to lessen the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, such as sweating and trouble sleeping. Additionally, it can be used to calm your nerves prior to surgery or other medical or dental procedures.
This is referred to as a “pre-med.” Diazepam is only offered by prescription. This defines it as a controlled drug and prevents over-the-counter purchases.
Benzodiazepines (diazepam, bromazepam) must only be used in conjunction with good sleep hygiene for a brief period of time—two to four weeks, at most—or irregularly.
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Final Notes on Sleeping Pills in Nigeria
It’s not a good way to spend your nights staring at the time or toss and turn. Nevertheless, before using an over-the-counter sleep aid, consult your doctor.
A sleeping aid on a prescription might be a better option. Often, behavioral adjustments and non-drug therapies are all that are required for better sleep.
Your doctor can determine what’s causing your insomnia and recommend the best course of action to make it easier for you to fall asleep.
Because of Nigeria’s peculiar culture and high levels of stress, sleep shouldn’t be the last thing on the mind of the average man. We should put our health first, which emphasizes the significance of monitoring our sleep patterns.